Your best survival tool is your head – use it!
When faced with a survival situation, it is particularly important to check yourself for injuries. Don’t add to your problem. If you become frightened and panic, the chances of injuring yourself or inducing hypothermia are increased. Do only what is necessary, very carefully and after thinking it out. If you are already injured, take time to care for yourself, as pain or loss of blood can reduce your efficiency. You should have first aid equipment as part of your survival kit.
In cold, damp or snowy weather your first problem may be frostbite. To prevent frostbite keep your hands, feet and exposed areas warm, dry and protected from wind. Check frequently for numbness or a change in skin color to gray or to yellow-white spots. Do not rub frostbitten areas with snow. Warm affected areas by placing next to your abdominal region or other areas of the body. If you get wet (perspiration or immersion), find a way to dry yourself and your clothes immediately. Protect your eyes from overexposure by taking along sunglasses or goggles.
In a desert or hot area you must take precautions against overexposure to the sun. You may be affected by sunburn, heat cramps, heat exhaustion or heat stroke. All may be prevented by staying out of the sun and avoiding overexertion since sweating uses body fluids rapidly.